You should never Machine-wash a saree. It should be gently hand washed. However, ideally dry cleaned. In case, you wash the saree yourself, wash only small corner of the saree to test the fabric quality and colors. After washing, you should roll it in a clean towel removing the water. Then, hang it to dry on a hanger.
Avoid washing with a detergent in the starting. Use a bit of detergent after 2-3 simple washes. Avoid keeping the saree soaked in detergent water for long hours. Avoid brushing or washing a Silk Saree. This can result in tearing of the silk or zari.
Wash Pallu (as shown in the image) and Border individually in the starting. Avoid bundling it or keeping it wet for long hours. In the case of stains, rinse with cold water instantly. If your saree shows hard stains, you need to get it Dry Cleaned.
Avoid bundling the wet saree on top of other clothes responsible for causing staining. When you iron any saree, you should ideally keep the iron on the medium/low heat. You should iron it between 2 pieces of clean white cloth. You should never wet the saree before ironing or using a steam iron.
You should always keep the Saree in a cool dry atmosphere. Never keep silks along with zari or metal yarns in plastic bags. Plastics can react and turn the zari work darker. Zari will also oxidize when kept in a humid atmosphere. You should always keep it in cotton lined boxes/covers.
Only pre-washed silk is capable of getting washed. Dry cleaning is ideal as laundering detergent and dyes in another garment can harmfully damage silk fabric. For washable silk, read the following guidelines thoroughly. For simple sarees, cautious hand washing is recommended using a bit of detergent and lukewarm water.
You should never chlorine bleach silk sarees. It can damage the silk and turn it yellow. Silk sarees should be sealed for storage. It will protect against insects, light, and air. To avoid creases, store it by rolling on a cardboard pipe. It will also protect it from getting cuts because of cracking.
TECHNIQUES TO REMOVE STAIN
You should get your stained silk sarees dry-cleaned immediately. Dyes and sizing usually discolor with moisture. Hence, trying to remove stains using water isn’t recommended before testing the saree for color fastness. It is hard to lighten any food or beverage stain like turmeric stain. Rubbing or forcing could harm the fabric.
Grease Stains: Oils, crayon, medicines, butter, margarine cause grease stains. Rubbing on talc instantly will remove the stain. Then, apply a stain remover before washing off the silk fabric using lukewarm water.
Nail polish Stain: You can easily remove it by applying acetone on the area.
Lipstick Stains: You should initially apply Dry-cleaning fluids before washing it in soap water. This process will remove lipstick stains.
Protein Stains: Deodorant, egg, blood, meat juices, and perspiration cause protein stains. To remove this type of stains, you should initially try detergent to the stained area. Afterward, soak it in cool water and laundered. In the case of severe stains, rub a solution of Nh2 drops and hydrogen peroxide.
Combination Stains: Gravy, ice cream, chocolate and milk cause combination stains. You should use a dry-cleaning solvent. Then dry it. Remove the protein part by using liquid detergent and washing it off with cool water. After applying a prewash stain remover, finally, rinse the saree in lukewarm water.